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Flights into the past: How has traveling on airplanes for 100 years

Over the past 100 years, air travel has changed a lot. That was like a typical flight in each decade.

The first aircraft designed exclusively for the carriage of passengers, appeared in 20-ies of XX century. At that time the plane normally carrying less than 20 passengers, a cruising altitude does not exceed a kilometer above sea level, and the average movement speed was lower than when traveling by train because aircraft fly at a speed of about 160 km/h were often landed to refuel, and could only move during the day.

In addition, the flights in the 20s were not too pleasant for passengers, the planes were made from bare sheet metal that rattled in the wind, and in the cabin can be very cold due to the lack of teploizolyatsii. On maintaining a stable pressure and can not speak. And yet air travel has continued to gain popularity.

Авиаперелет в прошлое: Как изменились путешествия на самолетах за 100 лет

In the 30s came the flight attendant profession. Then, in this role were only women, and their task was to make the flight more comfortable for passengers.

Improvements affected not only the service: the aircraft also became much easier. In the salons appeared Soundproofed and heated, and the seats got soft padding and armrests. Now the planes could climb much higher, reaching a height of 6 km, which reduced turbulence and allowed to reach speeds of over 300 km/h. the First passenger aircraft with a pressure compensation in the interior appeared in 1938.

In addition, the salon has become more spacious, and the interior — diverse: with sofas, reclining chairs and swivel seats.

Авиаперелет в прошлое: Как изменились путешествия на самолетах за 100 лет

The industry of air transport has changed considerably during the Second world war, since the aircraft is not designed for use in commercial flights.

But when the war ended, the United States and Europe left a lot of aircraft and large air bases with long runways that could be easily repurposed for commercial air transportation.

The major cities of Europe got their own airports, such as today’s London Heathrow airport was built in 1946, and the TRANS-Atlantic flights between new York and London are commonplace.

Авиаперелет в прошлое: Как изменились путешествия на самолетах за 100 лет

This era has gone down in history as the Golden age of air travel, but flying in the 50s was not cheap. A three-hour flight within the same country in terms of today’s money could easily cost over $1000, and the flights from the US to Europe — more than $3000 in one end.

However it should be noted that for the money the passengers have received excellent service. The flight was perceived almost as a social event: evening suits, drinks in elegant glasses, roast beef, lobster and steaks on the menu.

Авиаперелет в прошлое: Как изменились путешествия на самолетах за 100 лет

Air travel was becoming more and more commonplace to the 60-th years was almost lost touch of luxury. Passengers no longer dress like at a dinner party, although still preferred a more strict outfits.

In addition, in the ‘ 60s, passengers could fly without an ID. You could just arrive at the airport an hour before departure and go straight to the landing place and along with the mourners.

The mandatory security measures at airports appeared only in 1973, and even then was very mild compared to what we go through today.

Авиаперелет в прошлое: Как изменились путешествия на самолетах за 100 лет

The 70 s gave us the Boeing 747. A huge airliner, has opened up the world of air travel for millions of passengers who previously could not afford it. A large number of passengers per flight allowed airlines to sell tickets at a more reasonable price. But even then, the leg remained much more than today, and flight attendants were ready to execute any desire of the passengers.

From 1970 to 1974, American Airlines even placed at the rear of their aircraft a small room with a piano and a 707 Clipper from Pan American World Airways was advertised as “the plane without vibration”.

Авиаперелет в прошлое: Как изменились путешествия на самолетах за 100 лет

In the early ‘ 80s, flying was pretty fun. In the cabin was allowed to smoke in the flight cost was included a good lunch, and the weight of the Luggage were no limits.

Continental Airlines (now United Airlines) even experienced “aircraft-pub” right in the cabin was arranged in a bar, and passengers were placed in chairs at round tables.

Авиаперелет в прошлое: Как изменились путешествия на самолетах за 100 лет

In 90-e years all adult passengers, even in economy class, could get free alcoholic drinks on international and domestic flights.

In addition, the seats were equipped with telephones, and in some places began to appear the first multimedia system.

Авиаперелет в прошлое: Как изменились путешествия на самолетах за 100 лет

After September 11, 2001, the air transportation industry has changed dramatically. Before the terrorist attacks in the United States requirements for safety on Board was much softer. Passengers can bring into the cabin of liquid, pocket knives and voluminous outerwear. On examination there was no need to take off their shoes.

After the attack, all that changed overnight, and security requirements have become such as we know them today. The cabin door began to shut, and many airports have been made available only for passengers with tickets.

Our days

Авиаперелет в прошлое: Как изменились путешествия на самолетах за 100 лет

Today at flight, we can get all the same facilities which are used on earth — touch TV to chargers at each seat.

Of course, free alcohol for us, no one else will offer (almost none), but if you want in whatever was to enjoy the luxury, just buy a first class ticket — you will not be disappointed.

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